Pentax K-7, K-5, K-3, (K-1)

2009-2010: Pentax K-7:

After a slow entry into the digital world, with the *ist D followed by the promising K 10 D and K 20 D series, another new step was taken with the K-7 in 2009. It was the same sensor as on the K 20D, but most of the rest was renewed. Most of all the body, which was made even more compact: from 141,5x101x70 to 130,5x96,5x72,5. And weight was reduced by some 40 grams to 670 grams empty. The K-7 was given very positive remarks for image quality. Dark conditions could leave some noise, though.

More compact than the predecessors. AF, called SAFOX VIII+, was faster than K 20D, but still lacking the edge towards other top models.
Recognizable from the K 10/20D.
Green button is moved to the back, while over/under compensation and ISO buttons were moved up.
Added video mode for the first time.
Redesigned control panel with a bigger LCD screen, 3 inch 921.000 pxls.
DA 17-70 AL (IF) SDM of 2008. Optically very good, but the SDM here is known for a hunting AF, especially at 70. Can sometimes drive you mad. Sn. 6409527.

Later models during the K-7 era:

2009: K- x

2010: K- r

2010-2013: K-5:

The K-5 of October 2010 introduced a new Sony CMOS sensor of 16,3 megapixel. The image quality was highly praised. 

Following the K-7 in body and most functions. Improved AF with SAFOX IX. The K 5 was almost identical to K 7 on the outside, but came with a new CMOS sensor of 16,3 MB that was judged to be even better tuned than the one of the Nikon 7000 released at the same time and using the same Sony sensor. And the ISO value reached 51 200, with tolerable results up to 12 800. The K 5 nearly got the Camera of the Year award. It might very well have won it, but that may have been too much for the jury as the new Pentax 645 D won the title in the Pro Camera division. Size: 130,5x96,5x72,5. Weight: 660 grams. Sn: 4300623.
Following a well functioning pattern, but adding a new function: the RAW button is customized, giving a variety of functions, such as meter bracketing.
Controls identical to the K-7 both on top..
and on the back.
The same LCD screen as on the K-7, with 3 inch 4:3 size and 921.000 pxls. But ISO was now up to 51.200, and generally the noise problem of the K-7 was solved.
From 2007: A DA 18-250 3,5-6,3 EV AL (IF). Surprisingly good for the range and the price. Sn. 9082658.

Other models connected to the K-5 series:

2012: K-30 (New medium range camera)

2012: K-5 II and K-5 IIs (Improved successors of K-5)

2013: K-50 to replace K-30 (16 MB, WR)

2013: K-500 as new entry level camera, less advanced.

2013: Pentax K-3:

On October 8th 2013 the new Pentax K-3 is announced. Less than one month later it is in my hands. 
In short, the K-3 advantages over the K-5 family is:

-A 24 MB sensor versus 16 MB.
-8,3 frames per second versus 7 f/s. 
-A 27 point AF versus 16:
-EV-3 to 20 metering system with 86.000 pixel sensor.
-3,2 " LCD panel in 3:2 size versus 3" 4:3.
-92 weather seals versus 72.

Winner of EISA-prize 2014-15.
Winner of TIPA-prize 2014. (Best Expert Camera.)

Fore more details, see under.

 
Another step for Pentax, now up to 24 mp on an APS-C sensor camera. As on the K-5 IIs, the Anti Alias filter is removed, but on the K-3 you still have the opportunity to remove moire through internal SR, a system not available on other makes. This combination of more pixels and no filter gives even higher resolution and sharper big prints. But critics fear it will also tend to produce more noise. My experience, so far, is that it ain't necessarily so. Compared to the K-5 it follows pretty much the same line. AF is far better with the new SAFOX XI. Even under dark conditions it it gets it right. Ergonomics feel even better. My Pentaxes have all been good in that respect, and the K-3 feels perfect even before I have tried it with the battery grip. So, in short, this is the best picture machine Pentax has ever made. For those in need of a camera to shoot fast and get it right, this is the one. For those spending hours to seek the ultimate motive to take the ultimate picture, the technicalities of any camera has little to do with it. Size: 131,5x100x77,5 mm. Weight: 715 gr nto, 800 gr with card and battery. Sn. 4829143.
Some changes from earlier types: The AF switch has two options: AF or Manual. AF mode is operated by a button that lets you into a menu to choose AF mode with the rear dial at the upper back.
Controls on top are as before, except the new User mode options. Used to be one, some others have two. K-3 has three.
The rear LCD panel have increased a bit, from 3 inch to 3,2. More important is the change in format, now following the 36:24 (3:2) format of the 35 film. The information panel gives everything you would need to know. And yes, it says Ricoh under the panel. Annoyingly clear. On the other hand: Ricoh deserves the credit for taking up the struggle against The Big Three: Canon, Nikon and Canon..
A red button to open Live View.
A handle to select still or video. A button to select memory card 1 or 2.
Some changes: Lock or open mode dial. Selecting metering system is now on the button that also deletes pictures. (You will not delete by mistake!)
Released as Weather Resistant in 2013: the SMC DA 18-135/3,5-5,6 ED AL (IF) DC WR. A sharp lens with a practical range. Will soon become your favorite zoom. Sn. 9003760.
CAMERA HARDWARE

SENSOR
Type CMOS w primary color filter and integrated Shake/Dust Reduction sensor movement system
Size 23.5 x 15.6mm
Color depth 8 bits/channel JPG, 14 bits/channel RAW
Effective pixels 24.35 MP
Total pixels 24.71 MP
AA Filter No (the AA filter effect can be simulated with the SR mechanism)
Still resolution Jpeg: L (24M:6016x4000), M (14M: 4608x3072), S (6M: 3072x2048), XS (2M: 1920x1280)
RAW resolution L (24M:6016x4000)
Quality levels *** Best, ** Better, * Good, RAW (14-bit)
Movie resolution/FPS Full HD (1920x1080, 60i/50i/30p/25p/24p)
  HD (1280x720, 60p/50p/30p/25p/24p)
Dust Removal DR II (ultrasonic vibration to low pass filter) with Dust Alert function

LENS MOUNT
Type/construction PENTAX KAF2 bayonet stainless steel mount
Usable lenses PENTAX KAF3, KAF2, KAF, and KA
Usable with restrictions K mount
Usable with adapter and restrictions 35mm screwmount, 645/67 medium format lenses
SDM function Yes
Power zoom function Yes (power zoom only)

FOCUS SYSTEM
Type SAFOX 11 TTL phase-matching - 27 point (25 cross type focus points in the center)
Focus modes AF Single (w focus lock, focus/shutter priority selectable), AF Continuous (w focus/FPS priority selectable), Manual
Focus point adjustment Spot, Select, Expanded Area (S, M, L), Zone select, Auto (27 AF points)

VIEWFINDER
Type Pentaprism
Coverage (field of view) 100%
Magnification 0.95X (w 50mm F1.4 at infinity)
Standard focusing screen Natural-Bright-Matte III (interchangeable)
Diopter adjustment -2.5m to 1.5m
Depth of field preview Optical (diaphragm stop-down), Digital

LCD MONITOR
Type 3.2 inch TFT color LCD with brightness/saturation/color adjustment AR coating and air-gapless glass
Resolution 1037K dots
Aspect ratio 3:2
Wide angle viewable Yes

LIVE VIEW
Type TTL by CMOS image sensor
Field Of View Approx.100%
Display Modes Magnification (2-6X AF, 2-10X MF), Grid Overlay (4x4, Golden Ratio, Scale), Bright/Dark Indication, Histogram
Autofocus Yes, Contrast + Face Detection, Contrast Detection, Phase Difference

BUILT-IN FLASH
Type Retractable P-TTL popup flash
Guide number 13m (ISO 100)
Coverage 28mm wide angle (equiv 35mm)
Flash modes Auto, On, Redeye, Slow Sync, Slow Sync + Redeye, Trailing Curtain Sync, High-speed sync, Wireless, Manual
Flash exposure compensation -2 to 1 EV (1/2 steps)

EXTERNAL FLASH
Type Hotshoe (P-TTL), high speed sync and wireless w PENTAX dedicated flash, X-Sync Socket
Synchronization speed 1/180 sec

STORAGE MEDIA
Internal memory n/a
Removable memory SD, SDHC, SDXC, EyeFi, FLU Card

INTERFACES
Ports USB 3.0 hi-speed, headphones, HDMI out, DC in, cable switch, 3.5mm stereo microphone, X-sync socket
Video out HD (via HDMI), NTSC, PAL
Printer interfaces n/a

POWER SUPPLY
Power source Rechargeable Li-Ion battery D-LI90
  D-BG5 Battery Grip (optional) with trays for 2nd D-Li90 battery or 6x AA batteries
Recordable images Approx 720 (approx 560 w 50% flash, CIPA)
Playback time Approx 370 min
Movie recording time Approx 25 min (automatic overheat shutdown protection)
AC adapter available Yes - (optional) K-AC132

PHYSICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Body dimensions (W x H x D) 131.5 x 100 x 77.5 mm / 5.17in x 3.94in x 3.05in
Body weight 715g / 25.2 oz (without battery or SD card), 800g / 28.2 oz (loaded and ready)
Construction materials Magnesium alloy shell over metal chassis
Weather resistant Yes (92 special sealing parts)
Operating temperature 14-104°F (-10 to 40°C)


IMAGE CAPTURE

IMAGE STABILIZATION
Type Sensor-Shift Shake Reduction with rotational compensation
Electronic level function Yes, verification via viewfinder and LCD panel

METERING SYSTEM
Type TTL open aperture metering using 86K pixel RGB sensor
Sensitivity range EV -3 to 20 (ISO 100, 50mm F1.4)
Multi-Segment Yes
Center weighted Yes
Spot Yes
Exposure compensation +/- 5 EV (1/3 and 1/2 steps)
Exposure lock Yes
Exposure bracketing Yes (2, 3, or 5 frames, up to +/- 2 EV in 1/3 or 1/2 steps)

ISO SENSITIVITY
Auto ISO 100-51200 (1, 1/2, 1/3 steps), Auto ISO range selectable,
Bulb mode Auto ISO n/a
Manual 100-51200 (1, 1/2, 1/3 steps)

WHITE BALANCE
Auto modes AUTO WB, Multi Auto WB
Presets Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Fluorescent Light (D: Daylight Color, N: Daylight White, W: Cool White, L: Warm White), Tungsten Light, Flash, CTE
Manual modes Manual WB (up to 3 settings), Color Temperature Configuration (up to 3 settings), Copying the white balance setting of a captured image
Note White Balance fine adjustment available in all modes

SHUTTER
Type Electronically controlled, vertical-run, focal plane shutter
Shutter speed 1/8000 to 30 sec (1/3 or 1/2 EV steps), Bulb

CAPTURE MODES
Mode selection Green, Hyper Program (P), Sensitivity Priority (Sv), Shutter Priority (Tv), Aperture Priority (Av),
  Shutter & Aperture Priority (TAv), Metered Manual, Bulb, X-Speed, USER (3 presets).
Custom Image Modes Bright, Natural, Portrait, Landscape, Vibrant, Radiant, Muted, Bleach Bypass, Reversal Film, Monochrome, Cross Processing
  - All include gamut radar and fine adjustment of saturation, hue, high/low key, contrast, and sharpness (regular and fine adjustment scales).
  - Monochrome mode includes adjustments for filter effects (green, yellow, orange, red, magenta, blue, cyan, infrared), toning (sepia, warm/cool), high/low key, contrast, and sharpness (regular, fine, and extra sharp adjustment scales)
HDR Auto, HDR1, HDR2, HDR3, Exposure Bracket Value adjustable, Automatic composition correction function
Green simplified mode available Yes
P/A/S/M/B P, A, S, M, B (extended modes Sv, TAv)
Date stamp n/a
Digital filters (capture) Extract Color, Toy Camera, Retro, High Contrast, Shading, Invert Color, Unicolor Bold, Bold Monochrome
Data record Folder name (standard, date), file name (standard, customizable), embed copyright

DRIVE MODES
Mode selection Single, Continuous (H,M,L), Self-Timer (12s, 2s), Remote (0s, 3s, continuous),
  Exposure Bracketing (standard, timer, remote), Mirror up (standard, remote),
  HDR Capture (3 shots at 1EV, 2EV, or 3EV, 3 blend settings plus Auto, pixel alignment)
Multi-exposure Composite Mode (Additive/Average/Bright) Number of Shots (2 to 2000 images),
  Interval 2000 shots, 2 sec to 24 hrs, time delay available)
Continuous FPS H: Approx 8.3 FPS (60 JPG, 23 RAW)
  M: Approx 4.5 FPS (100 JPG, 32 RAW)
  L: Approx 3.0 FPS (200 JPG, 52 RAW)
Self-timer Yes (12s, 2s)
Remote control Yes, infrared (0s, 3s, continuous), cable switch

PLAYBACK MODES
Mode selection Single frame, multi-image display (6,12, 20, 35, 80 segmentation), display magnification (up to 16, 100% display and quick magnification available), rotating, histogram (Y histogram, RGB histogram), bright area warning, Auto Image Rotation, detailed info, Copyright Information (Photographer, Copyright holder), Folder Display, Calendar Filmstrip Display, Slide Show Mode pallet, Image Rotation, Digital Filter, Resize, Cropping, Slideshow, Save as Manual WB, RAW Development, Index Print, Protect, Movie Edit, Extract JPG from Movie, Magnification: up to 16X, scrollable, quick magnification
Digital filters (playback) Base Parameter Adj, Extract Color, Toy Camera, Retro, High Contrast, Shading, Invert Color, Unicolor Bold, Bold Monochrome, Tone Expansion, Sketch, Water Color, Pastel, Posterization, Miniature, Soft, Starburst, Fish-eye, Slim

FILE FORMATS
Still RAW (PEF, DNG), JPG (EXIF 2.30), DCF 2.0 compliant
Movie MPEG-4 AVC/H.264(MOV)
Interval movie JPEG(AVI)

CUSTOM FUNCTIONS
Functions available 27


OTHER

COMPUTER SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS (For device connectivity. Bundled software requirements may vary)
Windows Windows 8 (32 bit/64 bit) / Windows 7 (32 bit/64 bit) / Windows Vista (32 bit/64 bit), Windows XP SP3 (32 bit)
Mac Mac OS X 10.8 / 10.7 / 10.6

LANGUAGE SUPPORT
English, French, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Dutch, Danish, Swedish,
Finnish, Polish, Czech, Hungarian, Turkish, Greek, Russian, Korean,
Chinese (Simplified/Traditional), Japanese


Specifications are subject to change.

Megapixels:24.0ISO Range:100-51200Weight:800gFPS:8.3LCD:3.2"In Production:Type:Advanced DSLRWeather Sealed:Yes

Read more at: http://www.pentaxforums.com/camerareviews/pentax-k-3.html#ixzz2l25O6k9i

Comparing the three on Pentax Forum:

 

Verdict by Pentax users: 

     
  K-7 K-5 K-3
       
ergonomics 9,2 9,3 9,0
build quality 9,4 9,7 9,8
user interface 8,7 9,1 8,8
autofocus 7,2 8,1 9,0
features 8,6 9,3 9,7
image quality 8,1 9,5 9,5
noise 6,7 9,2 8,5

 

All in all, the K-3 is a small step ahead of K-5, leaving K-7 way behind.
(57,9 - 64,2 - 64,3 points respectively)

My comments:

I feel K-3 ergonomics a a small step up from earler Pentaxes, being very good already. 9,4.   User interface is better than on K-5, with faster LV and video access. 9,2.                           Noise is hardly more noticable on K-3 than on K-5. 9,2. Or rather 9,0 for both.

In general, K-7 is rated too low.
K-5 was a step up from K-7, mostly due to less noise. Points are too low for K-7 on build quality (9,6), user interface (9,0), features (9,0), and image quality (8,8).
Which gives the following points: 59,5 - 64,0 - 65,6. (Or average: 8,5 - 9,1 - 9,4).

Other cameras under the K-3 era:

2014: Pentax K-S1 (20 MB, WR, medium range)

2015: Pentax K-S2 (Improved successor of K-S1)

2015: Pentax K-3 II (Improved successor of K-3. The new top model in APS-C range.)

Improving the winner of EISA 2014-15 and TIPA 2014! APS-C top model
The Pentax K-S2, winner of TIPA prize 2015. APS-C advanced range.
APS-C advanced step-in model

Pentax K-1:

For Pentax K-1 Please see Pentax FF: 2016-

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23.01 | 22:30

Never seen, never heard of. Most certainly done by some previous owner to personalize it.

...
23.01 | 14:54

I saw in the last days a SV model with a red logo or better brand
from Pentax.On the top Asahi in black and than Pentax in red.
Collectors model or fake ?
Pls l

...
10.01 | 12:34

Hi,
Please see my last answer. It is right under your recent email on the Pentax Z side.
Best regards

...
10.01 | 01:32

Hi
It was a long time
I still own that camera
If you want just give me your e mail to contact you

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