Soviet Union:1964-1994: Kiev 10:

The Arsenal factory in Kiev, Ukraine, Soviet Union were first of all known for their medium format cameras. But in 1964 they introduced the Kiev 10 Automat, the first camera to automatically determine the correct aperture based on the values from the selenium meter on the front of the prism house. From then on they produced Kiev PP SLRs until 1994, with the Kiev 19 as their last model. The company continued to make cameras for another 15 years.
 

1964: Kiev 10 Automat:

No camera looked like this Kiev 10 from '64. Selenium meter covering the prism front, shutter release button in front of the camera. The Arsenal factory of Kiev, Ukraine, Soviet Union, released this camera in 1964, two years before the Konica Autorex (Autoreflex in the US), thus being the first PP SLR to offer authomatic aperture when choosing shutter speed. (The Konica is usually given the credit.) Both cameras had an external metering, Kiev with a selenium meter, Konica with a more modern CdS. The Kiev 10 Automat was certainly not like everybody else with its very uncommon layout for control handles. Size: 159x100x54mm.Weight:833grams. Sn: 6601864.
A Helios 81 50/2 Automat lens. Sn: 766548.
A radical design: No winder on top, shutter release button in front, but operated from the top, shutter speed dial to the left. This was inherited from the Zunow design of 1958, giving a faster fingertip handling, and was taken up by Canon in the late 70's.
The shutter time dial was ergonomically better than most, with easy fingertip control. But placed at the left side, so where is the rewind handle?
Hidden at the base plate: the rewind crank. Also a release button for the film door.
Another fingertip dial, this one for aperture control. When running smooth, this was a good idea for fast handling. The aperture choice could be read in the viewfinder. When set to A, the automatic diaphragm would be set according to light metering and shutter time.
Even the shutter was unusual: A four bladed metal fan. Another special feature: When spinning the rewind crank at the bottom, the movement is transferred to the split rod at the top, spinning the film backwards. Seems like an unnecessary complex construction, but it works!
The back wall with winder arm to the upper right. Sn. 6601864

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02.11 | 22:18

Interesting website, nice to read about the pentax camera history and others.

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19.10 | 14:13

Hi,
You are quite right. The vignetting disappears at 22, so it is usable from there on, but the maximum never exceeds 45. Thank you!
I will correct it. Bosse

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19.10 | 14:03

Hi Eric,
I don't understand your phrase: "Recommended as a 22-60 wide angel on K-1, and as 16-45 on K-3 II." The focal length range remains the same.

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29.07 | 21:20

Hi,
Thanks for the comment.But the page actually states that the FT-1 was following the FS-1, worlds first camera with a built-in motor.(Under the last photo.)

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