Bayonet mount: The K series 1975-1997:

1975: K2:

After more than 25 years in use, time had run out for the famous M 42 mount. It was invented by the Praktica-constructors in Dresden, East-Germany, in the late 40s and soon adopted by Asahi Pentax. Pentax had such world wide success with it,that it came to be known as the Pentax-mount, though used by several other Japanese brands. But it was slower to use than most bayonet mounts, and in 1975 Pentax released their new one, the K-mount. This mount is basically the same as the one being is used on todays DSLRs!
K2 was the flagship of the new K mount cameras produced in 1975. The K2 was a very solidly built camera, strong enough for the pros. And quite a few used it. Automatic shutter or manual. Production lasted until 1980. Sn: 7147830. Size: 144x92x57


Traditional, well working layout.

!975: KX:

From 1975 comes this all manual KX model. It was the big brother of the KM, upgraded with more sensitive meter, wider ASA range and a lock up mirror. Size: 143x91,5x52,5. Weight: 631g. Sn: 8110935.


Pentax SMC 55/1,8. Sn 1162758.


Release button for ASA setting to the left of the rewind dial and battery check button as on the ES models were the special controls for the KX. Sn: 8110935.


A fully manual camera. A pre K1000, but with DoF (Depth of Field control) and self timer. Size: 143x91,5x52. Weight: 622 g. Sn: 8303351.


Following the book.

K 1000:

K 1000 was a budget model fully manual. It became legendary as it came to be the choice of photo students around the world. First produced in Japan from '76 till '78, then in Hong Kong from '78 till '90 and finally in China till 1997, when the MZ-M was supposed to take over. Here is a camera produced in Japan with sn. 7525814. Size:143x91,5x49. Weight: 620g.


Pentax renamed their lenses after the introduction of the K-mount, so they got the Pentax name as well. From then, the Takumar name was only found on the lenses without super multi coating, and often following the budget models, like the K 1000.


Standard lay out. The proof for being made in Japan: sn. on top.

Made in Hong Kong:

S/n on bottom plate with a sticker saying "Assembled in Hong Kong"

K 1000 SE:

Special Edition. Mostly, but not always, in brown leatherette. Technically the difference from the regular K 1000 was the Split Image focus system, as opposed to the traditional micro prism. Sn: 6038735.

The Mingca K 1000:

When the production of the K1000 was moved to China, the Ming Camera factory was chosen. Pentax put up their machines there and they did their job from 1990 till 1997. As Pentax was discontinuing this model, they sold all the machines to Ming. And soon after, this model turned up, the Mingca MC K1000. A big seller in China but extremely rare over here.

1976: K2 DMD: 76-80

The K2 DMD was a K2 with Data back and motor option. My copy has s/n 7172577.


Identical to the K2.

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Gene Poon | Svar 12.10.2016 08.57

Besides Mingka MCK1000, other known K1000 clones made in China on the former Pentax machines: Luxor Super 1000, Maginon K1000, Optium MCK1000, Spender FMT-970

Bosse 12.10.2016 12.52

Thank you, Gene! I will look into that. Where did you find the information?

daorgee | Svar 10.05.2016 03.04

you may like to know there was also another Chinese-made Pentax K1000 clone by the name of Pearl River ...

Bosse 10.05.2016 10.49

Thank you! I do mention the Pearl River brand at the Front Page, but I was not aware of the K 1000 clone. Thanks again!

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25.06 | 21:36

The official producer was Chinon, according to Alpa sources. But we know that Cosina produced some cameras (and lenses) for Chinon.

25.06 | 21:23

The ALPA 2000 was a Cosina with M42 mount. I used to own one. Ever wonder why there are ALPA badged M42 lenses on eBay? They are from Cosina too.

13.05 | 14:20

Sadly not found the Ricoh XR-7 / Sigma SA-1 / Sears KS-2 camera(s) on the site. They could be produced by Cosina as well, but I have no information about this.

21.04 | 21:14

For an explanation of the penta mirror, please see the page "Some Definitions".
My definition of PP SLR also include the penta mirror cameras.

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